This article talks about the major and chief breakthroughs in the scientific world for the year 2012. Here are some of the major breakthroughs in science for the year 2012.
NASA’s Curiosity Rover Lands on Mars
Curiosity is NASAís six-wheeled nuclear-powered laboratory that weighs a ton. It touched down Marsí surface in early August after eight months of millions of miles journey across pace. It is by far the biggest and most scientifically competent rover that was sent to a planet. The landing sequence alone was the most technically impressive attempt made. The rover lowered to Marsí surface from a suspended, rocket-powered sky crane that played out magnificently.
At present, just months into the roverís two-year main mission, Curiosity is still extending its legs and has already made various intriguing discoveries. Eventually, Curiosity will start checking on Marsí history by scanning layers of sedimentary rocks that comprise Mount Sharp to search for signs of life in the planet.
Artificial DNA For The Synthesis Of New Life Forms
Biologists were able to demonstrate how XNAs or artificial nucleic acids replicate and evolve similarly as DNA and RNA. XNAs are known to be more resistant than the real thing, actually. The implications of this scientific breakthrough are wide and may include everything from genetic research, alien life search to creation of a totally synthetic and alternative form of life.
AI Recognizes Images
The worldís first AI was born in Googleís enigmatic X Lab. They produced evidences that the AI had developed neural networks that were able to recognize what image it was looking at. It was able to do this by examining YouTube for millions of images for a couple of days then giving the researchers some compound images of what it had learned to distinguish and be familiar with. Two of the images were human and cat faces. This is actually the first time that computers were able to teach themselves to determine an image and this is a major step towards finding some artificially intelligent individuals.
ENCODE: A DNA Encyclopedia
The Encyclopedia of DNA Elements Project also known as ENCODE debuted this year. It contains 30 papers from three different journals in science aiming to catalogue he various parts that compose a genome as well as what each component actually do. Among the various findings was the so-called ìjunk DNAî. It was believed to be an outlier DNA sequence that does not encode for any protein. However, it was proven that it is not junk at all because it is actually responsible for gene regulation, human height and disease onset.
A Mammal from Stem Cells
Researchers from Kyoto University were able to create a mouse through eggs derived from stem cells. This achievement shows another notable possibility by regenerative technology like the stem cell and at the same time raises ethical queries regarding potential human births wherein parents may not be needed.
An Electronic Implant That Dissolves Inside The Body
The border line between man and machine is slowly dissolving. Scientists have already announced that a new kind of electronics that are implantable and can do designated task within a few hours to a few weeks before completely disappearing and absorbed into the body is now an accessible technology. This kind of technology has lots of possible applications including biological implants and environmentally friendly phones. It is called Transient Electronics.